Category Archives: Finnish Life

Finnish apartments

Most people in Helsinki live in an apartment. For a duplex house with it’s own yard, you will need to consider moving a little further out to areas like Espoo or Vantaa.

Most apartments come with a stove and fridge freezer.

Some may include a washing machine (often in the bathroom) or a room downstairs with communal machines you can pay to use.

Dryers are less common as most people dry their washing by hanging it on a rack inside. Good heating means clothes hung out at night are often dry by the morning. For sheets and towels, most apartment buildings have a communal drying room downstairs.


Most apartments have built-in wardrobes, including an area in the entrance-way to hang winter coats.

Wooden floors are more common than carpet and it is normal to remove shoes upon entry.


Radiator heaters are built in to most rooms and the heating is turned on by the building manager as the weather grows colder. You can adjust the level of the heaters in your own home.

Many apartments come with personal storage areas downstairs, which are useful for storing winter sports equipment. There may also be a communal room for storing bicycles and skis.

Mail is delivered directly to your home, through a slot in the front door.

For more info and photos of a Finnish apartment click here.



How to Dress for Finnish winter

(c) Jussi Hellsten. 10.12.2013. The Icepark is open again right next to the main railway station. &

(c) Jussi Hellsten

Finland has long winters, with the polar night (where the sun doesn’t rise) lasting for two months in the far north.

Helsinki however enjoys a milder climate with around five hours of sunlight a day. While emperatures can get as low as -26° celcius, many people prefer sub zero temperatures as the air is drier and more snow means more light.

It’s important to know how to dress well in winter as life very much continues and you may find you love being outdoors.

Suitable clothing is readily available in Finnish stores and staff are generally happy to help. You will find stores update their stock according to the conditions, meaning you don’t have to overspend before knowing how cold the winter will be.


A good hat is essential, especially on a windy day. Real wool is best and many hats come with a soft inner. Ears can get painfully cold, so make sure your hat comes down low enough to protect them.

Other options include hats with ear flaps, ear muffs or warm head bands.

For children, a soft balaclava or neck warmer (not scarf) is essential as Finnish daycares play outside until the temperature drops below -15°.


When it’s really cold many people wear two pairs of gloves. An inner pair made of wool is handy, especially if you can use them with a touch screen / phone.

The outer pair should be wind and waterproof and if you have gloves underneath you may find mittens easier to pull on.

(c) Melanie Dower

(c) Melanie Dower


Warm socks are essential and when it gets really cold you will probably wear two pairs, the second being wool.

Take this into account when buying shoes or boots as you will need more room to fit them in. If the winter is mild you’ll find the snow melts, only to refreeze overnight. This can create long stretches of ice which are difficult and dangerous to walk on. The City of Helsinki will lay gravel down to help stop sliding, but this is the time to invest in a pair of footwear with good grip. If the weather is really cold, the snow stays dry, as anything below zero degree freezes.


It’s good to remember that houses, stores, restaurants, public transport and workplaces in Finland are generally well insulated and heated. So you really only need to dress for getting from here to there. Layers are important and thermals are a good place to start. You can find 100% woollen underwear at reasonable prices in many department stores. Invest in a good jacket that is water and windproof and has a hood. One that comes down to cover the top of your legs is a good idea as your backside can feel quite exposed to the cold air.

Most of all, don’t be afraid to get outdoors as life carries on in Finland during winter and there are loads of activities to get involved with.

As Finnish people say, “There’s no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing!”

Helpful websites:

How to Dress Right & Enjoy the Finnish Winter – Visit Finland

How to Dress a Child for Finnish Winter – Hey Helsinki

How to Walk on Ice without Dying – Hey Helsinki 

Public Holidays & Sundays


It’s worth knowing when Finnish public holidays will fall as generally businesses and services will close or have shorter hours.

Christmas Eve and Midsummer Eve are perhaps the two most important holidays on the Finnish calendar. Although not officially called holidays many people will not work these days and stores will close early.

May Day or Vappu is also an important event in Finland and celebrations begin the evening before. Easter dates are decided each year depending on the first full moon after spring equinox.

Mother’s Day (second Sunday in May) and Father’s Day (first Sunday in November) are de facto holidays. This means some stores close while others have shorter trading hours.

Finland also has what is known as ‘ski week’ – a break rotated around Finland so that everyone doesn’t go on holiday at the same time. Usually in February, many people do use the time to go skiing, while others take the chance to fly south for some sun.

Shops have shorter hours on Sundays and are usually open between 12.00 – 18.00, if at all.

New Years Day – 1 January

Epiphany – 6 January

Maundy Thursday – the Thursday before Easter (not an official holiday but often marked by shorter working hours)

Good Friday ( Pitkäperjantai ) – moveable dates

Easter Sunday ( Pääsiäispäivä ) – moveable dates

Easter Monday – moveable dates

May Day ( Vappu ) – 1 May ( Celebrations begin on the evening of 30 April)

Midsummer’s Eve – the Friday before Midsummer Day

Midsummer Day ( Juhannus ) – the Saturday following 19 June

Ascension Day – 39 days after Easter Sunday

Pentecost – 49 days after Easter Sunday

All Saint’s Day – the Saturday following 30 October

Independence Day of Finland – celebrated 6 December. 2017 will mark 100 years of Finnish independence.

Christmas Eve – 24 December, when Finns hold their main Christmas celebrations

Christmas Day – 25 December

St Stephen’s Day – 26 December

New Years Eve – 31 December, not an official holiday but often marked by shorter working hours